Infanzia[ modifica modifica wikitesto ] La casa a Bristol dove Chatterton nacque ed ebbe la prima istruzione scolastica. Mary Redcliffe , una chiesa parrocchiale in Inghilterra ; Durante la sua breve vita visse con suo zio, Richard Phillips. Thomas apprese i primi rudimenti della lettura dalle capitali miniate di un vecchio volume musicale, e leggendo una Bibbia in caratteri gotici. Egli non amava leggere - diceva sua sorella - libri di piccolo formato.
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Biography[ edit ] Vigny was born in Loches a town to which he never returned into an aristocratic family. His maternal grandfather, the Marquis de Baraudin, had served as commodore in the royal navy.
Though he was promoted to first lieutenant in and to captain the following year, the military profession in time of peace bored him. Prolonging successive leaves from the army, he settled in Paris with his young English bride Lydia Bunbury, whom he married in Pau in Vigny wrote of Hugo: "The Victor I loved is no more The visit of an English theater troupe to Paris in revived French interest in Shakespeare.
Vigny worked with Emile Deschamps on a translation of Romeo and Juliet. Attending the theater, he met the great actress Marie Dorval , and became her jealous lover until Chatterton is considered to be one of the best of the French romantic dramas and is still performed regularly. Although Vigny gained success as a writer, his personal life was not happy. His marriage was a disappointment; his relationship with Marie Dorval was plagued by jealousy; and his literary talent was eclipsed by the achievements of others.
He grew embittered. Proust regarded La Maison du berger as the greatest French poem of the 19th century. Tomb of Alfred de Vigny, his mother and his wife at Montmartre cemetery , Paris. In later years, Vigny ceased to publish. He continued to write, however, and his Journal is considered by modern scholars to be a great work in its own right, though it awaits a definitive scholarly edition.
His own philosophy of life was pessimistic and stoical, but celebrated human fraternity, the growth of knowledge, and mutual assistance[ citation needed ] as high values. He was the first in literary history to use the word spleen in the sense of woe, grief, gall, descriptive of the condition of the soul of modern man. Vigny developed what is believed to have been stomach cancer in his early sixties. Several of his works were published posthumously.
Alfred de Vigny