Next skip FM In these situations we have an ethical dilemma. When this happens the ethical reasoning process can help us decide the correct course of action. This thinking must be done as part of mission preparation—prior to the moment of decision. The ethical reasoning process is outlined in Figure
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Next skip FM In these situations we have an ethical dilemma. When this happens the ethical reasoning process can help us decide the correct course of action.
This thinking must be done as part of mission preparation—prior to the moment of decision. The ethical reasoning process is outlined in Figure The Ethical Reasoning Process Step 1. Problem definition. Same as the problem solving steps. Step 2. Know the relevant rules and values at stake. Step 3. Develop possible courses of action COA and evaluate them using these criteria: a. Rules—Does the COA violate rules, laws, regulations, etc.?
For example, torturing a prisoner might get him to reveal useful information that will save lives, but the law of war prohibits torture under any circumstances. Such a COA violates an absolute prohibition.
Effects—After visualizing the effects of the COA, do you foresee bad effects that outweigh the good effects? For example, you are driving along a railroad and you see a train on the tracks. If you speed up to beat the train to the crossing, you might save a little time getting to your destination.
But the potential bad effects outweigh the time you might save. Circumstances—Do the circumstances of the situation favor one of the values or rules in conflict? For example, your battle-buddy was at PT formation this morning but now is absent at work call formation.
Do you cover for him? Your honor and loyalty to the unit outweigh your friendship and loyalty to your buddy, so the ethical COA would be to report the truth rather than lie about his whereabouts. Does it uphold Army values and develop your character or virtue? Stopping may cause further congestion in the area, but ensuring injured are cared for and that emergency services are on the way further strengthens the values of duty and honor.
Step 4. Now you should have at least one COA that has passed Step 3. If there is more than one COA, choose the course of action that is best aligned with the criteria in Step 3. Figure Ethical Reasoning Process Ethical reasoning is patterned after the problem solving steps.
Ethical reasoning helps soldiers and DA civilians decide the best course of action for ethical dilemmas. It is a part of making any decision. But
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This manual describes your role in the Army, your obligations, and what you can expect from your leaders. Other subject areas are Army history, training, and professional development. This manual also describes standards in appearance and conduct and selected individual combat tasks that are important for every Soldier to master. This manual gives you a good reference to find answers for many questions. It helps clarify and reinforce standards and helps prepare you to assume leadership positions.
Army began to field-test a new Army Combat Fitness Test. If approved, it will replace a regimen that has been used since when running shoes were just being introduced and soldiers did their workouts in boots. A New Approach The program, which entered its test phase in October , has been brought up to date with changes in physical fitness training methods. The Combat Fitness Test test is designed to be a predictor of performance in combat. Many of the exercises mimic the skills and strength needed to perform critical tasks under fire, such as carrying a wounded soldier off the field.
The Soldier's Guide (Fm 7-21.13)
Next skip FM The planned wartime strength of the new division was to be little more than half the size of its World War I counterpart. The German annexation of Austria in March followed by the Czech crisis in September of the same year showed the United States and the other democratic nations that another world conflict was likely. War had already begun in the far east when Japan invaded China in After Germany seized all of Czechoslovakia in March , war in Europe became inevitable. Hitler had no intention of stopping with that move and Great Britain and France decided that they must fight rather than yield anything more. On 1 September Germany invaded Poland.