IQTA SYSTEM PDF

The standard provincial administration was in the time of Akbar for the first time. Ibn Battuta came to India in the time of Muhammad bin Tugluq. Ibn Battuta talked about 23 provinces in the time of Muhammad bin Tugluq. Iqta system- The features of this system are as follows: The Iqta system had started outside India in Persia Iran region and in western Asia. But the administrative establishment of Iqta was by Iltutmish. Iltutmish started the Iqta system.

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Political, legal and military authority was vested in the Sultan. Thus military strength was the main factor in succession of throne. Administrative units were, Iqta, Shiq, Paraganaa and Gram. Jagran Josh Administration during the Delhi Sultanate was completely dependent on Muslim laws which were the laws of the Shariat or the laws of Islam. The Sultans and the nobles primary duty was to observe the laws of Shariat or Islamic laws in the matters of the state.

This period rightfully stated that the Administration of Delhi Sultanate was largely influenced by their religion. Central Administration of Delhi Sultanate The given figure demonstrates the central administration of Delhi Sultanate.

The Central administration of the Delhi Sultanate followed a very systematic and well planned administration procedure which was run by different ministers who had specific work assigned to them. Besides, there were also several other departments and the Sultan appointed their officers to carry on specific duties. Diwan —I- Ariz — He was the head of the department of diwani-i-arz and in that capacity was the controller-general of the military department.

Diwan —I- Risalt - was the minister of foreign affairs he was in command of state tie ups with neighboring kingdoms and also was assigned the task of alliancing with powerful rulers. Sadr —Ur -Sadar - was the head of the religious department.

His work was to the safeguard the Islamic Laws and its upkeep. Amir —I-Mazls -Shahi - he was the minister who looked after the festivals of the state, and made sure of all the public conveniences and arrangements during festive seasons.

Diwan-I-Insha- was the minister who looked after the local correspondence of and different offices. Administration During Delhi Sultanate The Delhi Sultanate was further divided into smaller provinces for it was convenient for the ministers to help them in the administration.

They had no administrative responsibilities. The Iqtadari system witnessed numerous changes during the Sultanate period. Initially, Iqta was a revenue-yielding piece of land which was assigned in lieu of salary.

Amil- officers who collected land revenue and other taxes 2. Mushrif 3. Hazamdars- treasurers who kept the finances in control. Qazi-Civil officials, who maintained developmental records. Shiqdar-Criminal official and law makers. Kotwal-Police head under shiqdar. Faujdar-Military official in charge of fort along with their adjoining territories.

Qanungo-Maintained previous records of produce and assessment. Patwari-Village record keeper Hence we can decipher that the establishment and expansion of the Delhi Sultanate led to the evolution of a powerful and efficient administrative system.

At its zenith the authority of Delhi Sultans had extended as far south as Madurai. They are evn today remembered for their very systematic administrative capabilities. Although the Delhi Sultanate had disintegrated, their administrative system made a powerful impact on the Indian provincial kingdoms and later on the Mughal system of administration. Related Stories.

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Iqtadari System

The Governments in those times made all attempts to increase the revenue by collecting taxes as per those in Islamic nations. The agricultural and land revenue system of the early Turkish Sultans rested on two foundations viz. The Iqta system provided an agrarian system to the country while the members of the ruling class attained income without any permanent attachment to any territory. The Iqta system was provided institutional status by Iltutmish and later this system became the mainstay of the sultanate administration under slave dynasty.

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What was the provincial (Iqta) system of Delhi Sultanate

Nomadic Nomadic Nomadic government is found in the steppes of central Asia in which the realm is not focused on keeping and holding baronies, but instead moves around in search of new grazing land for horses and other livestock. The only succession law is the Nomad succession law, in which the male relative uncle, brother, son or nephew of the same culture with the most prestige inherits. Whilst nomads can have ordinary vassals, like in the Feudal system, most internal politics is centered around management of the other powerful clans in the realm, who can often rival or outshine the liege in terms of power. Nomadic rulers can only hold the Nomadic capital a special holding type that is only available to Nomads and exists only in their capital province without penalty, and gain benefits from having empty land in their realm increasing their manpower and population, which they use to recruit troops for their horde. Non-Christian nomads do not require the relevant DLC in order to play as rulers of certain religions e. The Old Gods for pagans and Zoroastrians. Capital move cooldown months.

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Administration in Delhi Sultanate

It is usually considered equivalent to a province. The number of Iqtas was not fixed. There was no uniformity in their administration. Duties and powers of the Iqtadar: 1. He was under the supervision of the Central government and carried on orders of the Sultan. He enjoyed the same powers in the province as the Sultan enjoyed in the empire. He maintained large armies and was required to send the same when asked by the Sultan.

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