This Iron Pillar speaks volumes of the ancient art of metallurgy and their inherent skilled techniques to forge such a remarkable masterpiece which weighs 6 tonnes. It stands 7. This Pillar is probably one of the most amazing structures to have existed through the centuries withstanding the corrosion of time and hence triggering all those curious minds. This Iron Pillar has intrigued many minds as to its stunning corrosion free and non rusting surface though many have experienced the fact that wrought Iron does rust with time but this pillar seems to remain unharmed and looks as good as new despite it being years old. Numerous Scientists, Archaeologists, Historians and Metallurgists have put their minds together to understand this mystery and some conclude that it is probably due to the way it was forged by expert ironsmiths.
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It is thought that the pillar was crafted using forge welding. The pillar is ornate, but hardly awe-inspiring unless one knows just how long and mysterious the history of it is.
A view of the west gate and iron pillar. It stands around the Iron Pillar in ruins, giving away its great age. The mosque is a relic of an Islamic India.
The Iron Pillar dates back even further than the ruined Islamic building that surrounds it. But the iron pillar gives away nothing of its age at first glance. It was forged 1, years ago sometime in the s and moved to Delhi roughly 1, years ago before the mosque was built. An iron pillar that old should have fallen to dust and blown away with the breeze long before now.
Nonetheless, the Hindu-made pillar stands strong above the Islamic ruins which will fall to dust long before the pillar does. The king is presumably of the Gupta period, given the era of its creation. It was also made to honor one of the most important Hindu gods — Vishnu. Which Gupta king the Iron Pillar was made for is not made clear by the inscription. However, it is widely believed that the inscription refers to King Chandragupta II who reigned from circa to CE.
A close up of the inscription on the Iron Pillar. Inscription Translation J. He, the remnant of the great zeal of whose energy, which utterly destroyed his enemies, like the remnant of the great glowing heat of a burned-out fire in a great forest, even now leaves not the earth; though he, the king, as if wearied, has quit this earth, and has gone to the other world, moving in bodily from to the land of paradise won by the merit of his actions, but remaining on this earth by the memory of his fame.
By him, the king, attained sole supreme sovereignty in the world, acquired by his own arm and enjoyed for a very long time; and who, having the name of Chandra, carried a beauty of countenance like the beauty of the full-moon,-having in faith fixed his mind upon the god Vishnu, this lofty standard of the divine Vishnu was set up on the hill called Vishnupada.
Why Was it Built? The purpose of the Iron Pillar of Delhi is one of its many mysteries. Some say it was a flagstaff made for the king mentioned in the inscription. Others say it was a sundial at its original home in Madhya Pradesh. Why it is no longer in Madhya Pradesh is yet another mystery. There is no evidence of who moved the pillar 1, years ago, how it was moved or even why it was moved.
All we can say for certain about this aspect of the history of the pillar is that it has been part of the Delhi landscape for a very long time. The pillar does not seem to rust. Although we now know this is not entirely accurate. It is certainly in unbelievable condition for its age. However, it is not without rust. There is a small amount of rust beginning to appear on the pillar. As mentioned above, it should not even exist anymore. So, how does it withstand the years? Answering that question is not easy.
A John Edward Sache photo of the pillar in the s. Possible Explanations for its Conservation One of the main catalysts for rust is humidity and Delhi is not very humid. This could be one of the factors in the natural preservation of the Iron Pillar of Delhi.
Other possibilities include the skill of the men who made the pillar, the quality of the materials used and the fortuitous conditions that caused a protective layer to appear on the pillar. A study conducted in by M. Ghosh of the National Metallurgical Laboratory suggests the pillar was created by hammering lumps of hot iron, one at a time, to shape the pillar.
Each lump weighed 44 to 66 lbs each. A close look on the surface of the pillar shows the hammer marks of the forged iron. Ghosh opined laborers took two weeks to create the pillar. How exactly the pillar was created is still a mystery. Share Your Thoughts.
Iron Pillar, Delhi
Iron Pillar erected by Chandragupta II , within the Qutb complex Though Mehrauli is like any ordinary neighborhood today, its past is what distinguishes it in terms of architecture. Ahinsa Sthal is a Jain temple located in Mehrauli, Delhi. The main deity of the temple is Mahavira, the 24th and last Tirthankara human spiritual guide of a present half cycle of time. The most visible piece of architecture remains the Qutub minar which was built upon ancient Hindu and Buddhist temples which was initiated by Qutub ud din Aybak with subsequent additions by Iltutmish and Alauddin Khalji. There are several pillars of temples adjacent to Qutb Minar, but they are in damaged condition. It was used to store water though it is now completely dried and is now known as Sukhi Baoli dry well.
Iron pillar of Delhi
In spite of being placed in open air, Iron pillar still stands sturdy, presenting an excellent example of scientific and engineering advancement in ancient India. Situated inside the Qutub Complex where the famous Qutub Minar is also located, Iron Pillar stands majestically with a height of 24 feet. It is placed in front of the Quwwatul Mosque in Qutb Complex. There used to be a popular practice where visitors would try to circle the iron pillar with their back at the pillar while trying to make their hands meet. It was believed that doing it would bring good luck to the person doing it. However, due to this popular practice lower part of the Iron pillar bore a slight amount of discoloration.
The Mysterious Iron Pillar of Delhi
Due to the tablets installed on the building in by Pandit Banke Rai, the reading provided by him enjoys wide currency. Willis concludes: Candragupta may have passed away but the legacy of his achievement is so great that he seems to remain on earth by virtue of his fame. However, his reading has been contested by the later scholars. However, archaeological evidence indicates that during the Gupta period, Mathura was a major centre of Buddhism , although Vaishnavism may have existed there. Moreover, Mathura lies in plains, and only contains some small hillocks and mounds: there is no true giri hill in Mathura.