Ona je jedan od najkrupnijih pokreta u kulturi zapadne Evrope, koji je doveo do preokreta u nauci, filozofiji, knjizevnosti i likovnim umjetnostima. Italija je zemlja u kojoj je umjetnost renesanse nasla svoj najvisi izraz, jer je u njoj najprije doslo do razvoja gradova i gomilanja bogatstva u pojedinim gradanskim porodicama. Uporedo sa materijalnom, razvijala se duhovna kultura koja se izrazila u sve vecem interesobvanju za anticku umjetnost. Nosioci te nove kulture bili su humanisti koji su kulturu usmjerenu prema covjeku suprotstavljali skolastickoj nauci i teologiji.
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Start your review of Kultura renesanse u Italiji Write a review Shelves: art , history , history-european , italy , How could I express the sheer pleasure I have had in reading this book? It is not easy to find historians or writers of Burckhardts calibre.
Published in , this icon of a book deserves its place as a model of historiography of the highest quality. Not many have served as a double linchpin. Burckhardt took up Michelets term of Renaissance and provided an exhaustive and brilliant analysis of what the term embodied in the Italy of the 13th- 16th Centuries.
That was the more specific How could I express the sheer pleasure I have had in reading this book? That was the more specific contribution. But in this study Burckhardt also created a new field of inquiry. With him cultural history was born. I have read it in translation, but the text is pure delectation nonetheless. Burckhardt is in no hurry to express what he has to say because there is such assuredness in his ideas. Neither is there unwonted prolixity because his language is not more elaborate than his knowledge.
His smooth prose keeps the same elegant pace as befits the dignity of his thought. For his erudition flows as clearly as limpid water. His mastery results from his deep familiarity with a very wide collection of primary sources. He has read them all.. And a similar acquaintanceship is demonstrated in other fields, whether these are painting, music, politics, ecclesiastical matters, sociological, military, etc.
His overall thesis is clear: during this time and place the Individual was invented and shaped in all its dimensions so that it could stand well on its feet and in all fields. And his thesis is then amply, soundly, thoroughly, and methodically elaborated and demonstrated. In his articulation of the historical understanding of culture he starts with the standard: politics.
Italy certainly offers him a wide array of possible systems, from large to smaller despotisms and its critics, and to its alternatives: the acclaimed Republics. But in all of these systems he has detected the disappearance of Feudalism, which was however sustained for a while longer in the other European countries. For him then the political systems of Italy are works of art. In tracing the development of the Individual he does not stop short at the creation of new Personalities we now have the names for the craftsmen , but also looks at its other less glorious consequence: the ridicule and humour of that which has been particularized.
His elaboration of the Renewal of Antiquity is brilliant. It involved more than exploring the ruins and resuscitating forgotten writers and translating new ones, but also its new forms of teaching, and the eventual stagnation of creativity.
Stale imitation could easily become formulaic until it would bring about its own demise and loss of prestige. This was the period in which frontiers were broken. Burckhardt embarks on following those discoveries as the Italians set out in their travels, in their examination of their natural surroundings, whether this was for aesthetic discoveries, seeing for the first time that landscapes could be beautiful—as Petrarch demonstrated--, or for the revelation of scientific principles.
With the individual as the basic unit, the writing of biographies took a new impetus and emphasis in this land and this time. He then proceeds with an exhaustive review of how this society structured itself; how its members communicated with each other—whether through language or other means—; how it projected itself—in dressing or in theatrics—; how and in what it sought entertainment, solace or merriment; in sum, how it lived.
As the son of a Calvinist priest, Burckhardt would have to leave for the end, and conclusion, how this new Individual, emerging after a long theocratical period, reconciled his existence with the realm of eternity, with immortality. The last section is devoted to organized Religion and other beliefs, as well as to the slippery question of morals. For us this book remains a rich lesson.
For what Burckhardt can still teach us about the Renaissance, and for the ingenious approach. As a historian, he would not have denied that he was also part of his times, place and society.
Kultura renesanse u Italiji
Od vrha u smjeru kazaljke na satu: London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. Political Culture in the Florentine Renaissance,Harvard University Press Gotovo sve inovacije koje su definirale prelaz u barokni period vukle su porijeklo iz sjeverne Italije tokom posljednjih nekoliko decenija tog vijeka. C Middlemore  Burke, Peter. Sveta kongregacija inkvizicije formirana je Najistaknutiji primjer bio je Leonardo da Vinci koji se odselio u Francusku The Crisis of the Early Italian Renaissance: Od Fontainebleaua, novi stilovi, transformirani manirizmomdoveli su renesansu u Antwerpena odatle u ostatak sjeverne Evrope.
Lorenza i Pazzijeva kapela. Vasco da Gama je Petra u Rimunajglasovitije arhitektonsko djelo renesanse 5. C Middlemore  Burke, Peter. Severing the Neck of Pride: Glavne forme bile su ihaliji madrigalkanon i balata. Francesco Sforza je Iz Wikipedije, slobodne enciklopedije.
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