In Jewish tradition, Leviticus is sometimes called the "Book of Sacrifices" since it concerns the various offerings brought to the LORD for sacrificial purposes in the Mishkan Tabernacle. The God who led the Israelites out of Egypt and made covenant with them at Sinai has taken residence among them in the mishkan Tabernacle. Now that God is in the midst of the people, however, Vayikra reveals how to be in relationship with Him. The key is the sacrificial system. Historically, of course, there were sacrifices made before the mishkan was constructed as the ritualistic center of the covenant made at Sinai. The next morning, however, the sun rose, and Adam then offered an ox upon an altar.
|Published (Last):||5 April 2010|
|PDF File Size:||1.30 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||19.45 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Midrash Esther , on Esther CE. The Pesikta, a compilation of homilies on special Pentateuchal and Prophetic lessons early 8th century , in two versions: Pesikta de-Rav Kahana Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer not before 8th century , a midrashic narrative of the more important events of the Pentateuch. Tanchuma or Yelammedenu 9th century on the whole Pentateuch; its homilies often consist of a halakhic introduction, followed by several poems, exposition of the opening verses, and the Messianic conclusion.
There are actually a number of different Midrash Tanhuma collections. The two most important are Midrash Tanhuma Ha Nidpas , literally the published text. This is also sometimes referred to as Midrash Tanhuma Yelamdenu. Although the first is the one most widely distributed today, when the medieval authors refer to Midrash Tanchuma, they usually mean the second.
Midrash Tehillim , on the Psalms. Yalkut Shimoni. A collection of midrash on the entire Hebrew Scriptures Tanakh containing both halakhic and aggadic midrash. It was compiled by Shimon ha-Darshan in the 13th century CE and is collected from over 50 other midrashic works. It is a compilation of aggadic midrashim on the Pentateuch taken from the two Talmuds and earlier Midrashim of Yemenite provenance.
Tanna Devei Eliyahu. This work that stresses the reasons underlying the commandments, the importance of knowing Torah, prayer, and repentance, and the ethical and religious values that are learned through the Bible.
It is not a compilation but a uniform work with a single author. Midrash Rabbah[ edit ] Midrash Rabbah — widely studied are the Rabboth great commentaries , a collection of ten midrashim on different books of the Bible namely, the five books of the Torah and the Five Scrolls. Although referred to collectively as the Midrash Rabbah, they are not a cohesive work, being written by different authors in different locales in different historical eras.
The ones on Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy are chiefly made up of homilies on the Scripture sections for the Sabbath or festival, while the others are rather of an exegetical nature.
Bereshith Rabba , Genesis Rabbah. This text dates from the sixth century. A midrash on Genesis, it offers explanations of words and sentences and haggadic interpretations and expositions, many of which are only loosely tied to the text. It is often interlaced with maxims and parables. Its redactor drew upon earlier rabbinic sources, including the Mishnah, Tosefta, the halakhic midrashim the Targums. It apparently drew upon a version of Talmud Yerushalmi that resembles, yet was not identical to, the text that survived to present times.
It was redacted sometime in the early fifth century. Lamentations Rabbah has been transmitted in two versions. One edition is represented by the first printed edition at Pesaro in ; the other is the Salomon Buber edition, based on manuscript J. It was probably redacted sometime in the fifth century. Esther Rabbah Contemporary Jewish midrash[ edit ] A wealth of literature and artwork has been created in the 20th and 21st centuries by people aspiring to create "contemporary midrash".
Forms include poetry, prose, Bibliodrama the acting out of Bible stories , murals, masks, and music, among others. The Institute for Contemporary Midrash was formed to facilitate these reinterpretations of sacred texts.
The institute hosted several week-long intensives between and , and published eight issues of Living Text: The Journal of Contemporary Midrash from to Contemporary views[ edit ] According to Carol Bakhos, recent studies that use literary-critical tools to concentrate on the cultural and literary aspects of midrash have led to a rediscovery of the importance of these texts for finding insights into the rabbinic culture that created them.
Midrash is increasingly seen as a literary and cultural construction, responsive to literary means of analysis. Gafney has coined and expanded on womanist midrash, a particular practice and method that Gafney defines as: "[ Womanist midrash listens to and for their voices in and through the Hebrew Bible, while acknowledging that often the text does not speak, or even intend to speak, to or for them, let alone hear them.
Because the Tanakh came to be seen as unintelligible or even offensive, midrash could be used as a means of rewriting it in a way that both makes it more acceptable to later ethical standards and renders it less obviously implausible.
Kugel traces how and why biblical interpreters produced new meanings by the use of exegesis on ambiguities, syntactical details, unusual or awkward vocabulary, repetitions, etc.
Baruch states that this means that divine wisdom is not available anywhere other than in the Torah. Targum Neophyti Deut and b. Baba Metzia 59b claim that this text means that Torah is no longer hidden away, but has been given to humans who are then responsible for following it.
The opinions, facts and any media content in them are presented solely by the authors, and neither The Times of Israel nor its partners assume any responsibility for them. Please contact us in case of abuse. Apparently not. The Midrash brings 2 parables which tell a very different story. Body and soul.
Midrash Esther , on Esther CE. The Pesikta, a compilation of homilies on special Pentateuchal and Prophetic lessons early 8th century , in two versions: Pesikta de-Rav Kahana Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer not before 8th century , a midrashic narrative of the more important events of the Pentateuch. Tanchuma or Yelammedenu 9th century on the whole Pentateuch; its homilies often consist of a halakhic introduction, followed by several poems, exposition of the opening verses, and the Messianic conclusion. There are actually a number of different Midrash Tanhuma collections.
Midrash Tanchuma Vayikra – The soul: innocent bystander or a partner in crime?
Ecclesiastes Rabbah The designation "Rabbah" was first applied to the midrash to Genesis , and then applied to the midrashim to the other books of the Pentateuch Vayikra Rabbah , Shemot Rabbah , etc. This collection eventually came to be called "Midrash Rabbot" i. The editio princeps of the midrashim to the Pentateuch Constantinople, begins with the words "Be-shem El atchil Bereshit Rabba" In the name of God I shall begin Bereshit Rabbah , and the title of the editio princeps of the midrashim to the megillot Pesaro, reads "Midrash Hamesh Megillot" Midrash of the Five Megillot. Still more inexact and misleading is the term "Midrash Rabbah to the Five Books of the Pentateuch and the Five Megillot," as found on the title-page of the two parts in the much-used Vilna edition. After Zunz , it is not necessary to point out that the Midrash Rabbah consists of 10 entirely different midrashim.