TARIQ BIN ZIYAD HISTORY IN PDF

He was born around the year 50 Hijri. He was expert horsemanship, weapons, and martial arts. After the Messenger of Allah. Long three continents-Asia, Africa, and Europe, have experienced the mercy and justice in the shade of Islamic government. No exception to Spain Andalusia. This country in mainland Europe who first entered the arms of Islam at the time of the Ottoman Government Umaiyah Bani.

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Tuesday, November 14, Conquest of Tariq ibn Ziyad In the southern tip of Spain stands a giant monolith that became known as the European side of the Pillars of Hercules where the Mediterranean Sea met the Atlantic. This monolith, the Rock of Gibraltar, bears a legacy of Muslim Spain. In fact, it bears the name of the man who started the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula — Tariq ibn Ziyad.

But today, the widely accepted information on the Muslim conquer was that he was an Amazigh or Berber Governor of Tangiers and a subordinate to the governor of Ifriqiya Musa ibn Nusayr.

As Berber, he belonged to North African nomads who converted to Islam and fought with great ferocity for the spreading of the religion. As Muslim governors, they served the fastest expanding Empire at that time called the Umayyad Caliphate , centered in Damascus. The Empire they served threatened the boundaries of the mighty Byzantine Empire and Europe itself that faced turmoil after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century.

Visigoth Spain Speaking of turmoil, on the other side of Tangiers, Spain faced internal unrest. Back then the Visigoths ruled Spain since the 7th century and maintained a culture that combined Roman and German. Visigoth nobles elected their Kings rather than hereditary primogeniture. They had a code of law and embraced the Catholic faith at the expense of all other religion, most especially Jews who faced tremendous persecution.

In , King Wittiza passed away. Different sources varied on the nature of his death with some suggesting natural causes while others blamed the demise on assassination. Whatever the case, his death resulted to a civil war. The election of the King went contested and 2 claimant battled each other.

In Northeastern Spain, a region called Tarraconensis, Achila challenged the claim of Roderic, Duke of Baetica, who ruled the rest of country and held the capital city of Toledo. The 2 fought each other weakening the country and making it ripe for conquest.

As to how he went to Spain remained also a contention. Whatever the case, Tariq crossed the 14 kilometer strait that separated Europe and Africa on May Tariq and his 7, men made up of Berbers, Syrians, and Yemenis crossed the straits and land on a coast near a giant limestone promontory. Later on, the name got translated into English and became Gibraltar. Berber warriors raided cities in Baetica to the alarm of King Roderic who by then fighting a rebellion in the Basque region of northern Spain.

Tariq received support from some local Jews who suffered from persecution and also noble enemies of Roderic. With initial successes, Tariq received additional troops that swollen his forces to about 10, In July , Tariq suddenly faced a tough army opposing him.

Suddenly, he discovered King Roderic marched against him in Baetica after ending his campaign in the north. His adversary had mustered a huge army, and as to the number, records once again failed to provide a detail or exact number. Some suggested the Visigothic army numbered to , But certainly, Tariq faced a numerically superior opponent. The 2 sides then met in an unknown location, but most accepted the location of the battle to be Guadalete.

His army captured Cordoba and then later marched to capture the capital Toledo. In the following year, hearing the success of Tariq, his superior Musa ibn Nusayr, Governor of Ifriqiya, also crossed the Strait of Gibraltar with reinforcements numbering to 18, A part of his army sweep to the west, to Lusitania modern day Portugal , and captured Merida on June Finally, Tariq met with Musa on Talavera and they continued to capture most of Spain.

Their conquest laid the foundation of the Al-Andalus region of Spain. As to the name Al-Andalus, once again mystery shrouded its etymology.

The most popular explanation stated that it came from the word Vandals, the Germanic tribe that dominated a part of Northern Africa and the first Germans that the Muslims encountered. The 2 Muslim leaders continued their conquest of Spain in Musa led the capture of Zaragoza and Galicia. Tariq, on the other hand, captured Aragon, Leon, and Astorga.

Tariq and Musa almost conquered the whole Iberian Peninsula if not for a Visigoth noble Pelayo Pelagius escaping to the mountains of Asturias, establishing a Kingdom, and remaining as the leader of the last bastion of Christianity in the region.

Apparently, their conquest in Spain and establishing a bastion for Islam in Europe went unauthorized from the great Caliph. Upon their return to the capital, they were charged of misappropriating funds and insubordination earning them imprisonment and removal from power.

Both passed away in obscurity, with Tariq, the conqueror of Spain, meeting his end in His opportunism and boldness to cross the strait led to the addition of the rich Iberian Peninsula to the domains of the fledgling Umayyad Caliphate. It gave future Muslim conquerors a foothold in the continent plagued by division and political turmoil.

It implanted in Spain, Islamic culture that to this day remained in form of culture, music, arts, language and palaces. See also:.

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Ṭāriq ibn Ziyād

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Tariq ibn Ziyad

Tuesday, November 14, Conquest of Tariq ibn Ziyad In the southern tip of Spain stands a giant monolith that became known as the European side of the Pillars of Hercules where the Mediterranean Sea met the Atlantic. This monolith, the Rock of Gibraltar, bears a legacy of Muslim Spain. In fact, it bears the name of the man who started the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula — Tariq ibn Ziyad. But today, the widely accepted information on the Muslim conquer was that he was an Amazigh or Berber Governor of Tangiers and a subordinate to the governor of Ifriqiya Musa ibn Nusayr.

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